Friday, April 13, 2012

Beading Thread

A fairly common term for beading or 'stitching' with seed beads is "Bead Weaving"...and this terminology tends to be narrowed down again to 'Loom Weaving' or 'Off Loom Bead Weaving'. Whether any of this terminology is technically accurate, it is commonly used in the beading world...and I do like to think of my beadwork as weaving a fabric of seed beads.

Now the beads themselves might play the starring role in this fabric woven of beads, but it's the thread that ultimately holds everything together...and will hopefully hold it all together for a very long time!

Creating anything with seed beads is a very time consuming can be very relaxing to spend hours upon hours beading...and it gives my mind the chance to wander and think and explore...

And lately I have spent a lot of that time thinking about thread. The only actual components in my work are my beads and my thread...and of course the occasional metal finding.

So considering the amount of time that goes into creating something with seed beads, it is very important to me to always use high quality materials...and that means beads, thread, metal findings and any other tools or components that I use!

I have experimented with and tried out many different beading threads...Nymo on the little bobbins, Superlon, Nymo on the spool/cone, Silamide, Fireline, Power Pro, Sono, KO, One G and Wildfire. Of course over time I have found some that I love and some that I hate...

There are many qualities about beading thread that make each one useful for different applications. I like to know that my thread is strong, that it will hold up for a long time, especially in beaded jewelry that might be worn daily. I like thread that adds a fabric like texture or a soft drape to my beadwork, and in some cases I like a thread that will create a sturdy, structural 'frame' for my beadwork.

And I like working with thread that is friendly to work with! There is nothing worse than thread that frays, shreds, tangles, breaks or otherwise causes serious problems while you're in the middle of a beading project...these problems can add hours to your time because you have to rip out your work, add new thread and do it all over again.

Of the threads that I listed above, there are 2 main varieties: Nylon Thread and Gel Spun Polyethylene (GSP) Thread....they are then typed into more specific categories such as Parallel Filament Nylon, Plied Nylon, Plied GSP and Parallel Filament GSP. Now there are many other varieties of beading thread out there, these are just the ones I have tried!

So I have compiled some basic information about these threads...and then I will describe what I like and dislike about all of them.

Nylon Threads

Nymo is a single ply, parallel filament nylon thread that was originally created as an upholstery thread and I have heard that it was also used in the Shoe Making industry. It comes in a huge variety of colors and is relatively inexpensive. Nymo (like most beading thread) is sized by thickness...F being thickest, then D, B, A, O, OO and OOO being the thinnest. But it also comes in two very different versions:

Nymo Bobbins: this thread is the lower quality of the two. It is very stretchy, has a flat profile, it is not pre waxed or conditioned, it frays, breaks and tangles very easily. Nymo Bobbins have 43-140yds depending on the thread size and cost between $1-$2.

Nymo Spools/Cones: this thread is pre waxed/conditioned, it has a round profile so it is slightly thicker than the same size on the bobbin. It is quite stretchy and I find that it still frays, but not nearly as badly as Nymo on the bobbin. Nymo Spools have 250-350yds and cost between $3-$4 each. Nymo cones come in 3oz and 6oz sizes and cost anywhere from $10 to $30.

Superlon Beading Thread: this is a single ply, parallel filament nylon thread. It has almost no stretch to it, has a flat profile, feels like it is pre conditioned/waxed and it comes in a large variety of colors. I do like it better than Nymo bobbins but it does fray and can be pierced easily. It comes in size D, being thicker and size AA, being thinner. Superlon comes in 78yd bobbins and costs around $2.

Sono: this is a single ply, parallel filament nylon thread created in Japan specifically for beading. It is similar in size to Nymo B, it is pre conditioned with a silky texture, it resists fraying but it is very stretchy. Sono comes in 5 colors on 100meter spools. Prices tend to vary drastically for this thread.
It can be found for as low as $4 and as high as $14 per spool.

KO Beading Thread: this is a single ply, parallel filament thread. It was created in Japan specifically for bead weaving. It is pre conditioned/waxed, has a silky texture, it is very strong and hard to pierce. It is fray resistant and it has very little stretch but just enough to maintain good tension and drape. It comes in 18 colors on 50meter mini spools and I find it to be similar in size to Nymo D. It costs between $3-$5 per spool.

One G Thread: this is a single ply, parallel filament thread created in Japan by the Toho Bead Company specifically for bead weaving. It is preconditioned/waxed and hard to pierce with a needle. While it is silky, I find it has a slightly coarse texture to it as well as having a little stretch to it, both of which are excellent for maintaining tension as well as providing a nice fabric like feel and drape. This is a very strong, fray resistant thread. It is similar in size to Nymo B, it comes in 12 colors on 50yd bobbins and costs between $2.25-$3.50.

Silamide: this is a plied nylon thread that originated in the upholstery industry. It has a round profile and very little stretch...some varieties have actually had all stretch removed during manufacturing. It is a strong thread but I find it harder to work with due to the plied nature. It comes in a wide variety of colors and most often it is found on 40yd cards, but it can still be found in the larger spools from 350yds up to 900yds. Prices tend to vary drastically according to the supplier but cards usually range from $1 $2 and spools range from $5-$10.

Fishing Lines/GSP Threads

Fireline: this is a parallel filament GSP fishing line that has also been re branded by Bead Smith and sold as a beading thread. (Fireline Beading Thread is EXACTLY the same as the Fireline Fishing Line they simply have different labels)

GSP lines are made using multiple Polyethylene fibers that are spun and then bonded to create a very strong line with a very small diameter compared to Mono filament fishing lines.

Fireline does not stretch, it is abrasion resistant, and it has a textured but slippery surface, which can sometimes create tension problems. If you find that Fireline is too slippery this can be helped with the use of Micro crystalline wax or Bees Wax.

Fireline comes in about 4 colors that are useful in the fishing world, (Crystal, Smoke, Flame Green etc) and a variety of spool sizes. The sizing of Fireline is a little different than regular beading threads since it is a fishing line.

The sizes will be listed with three different numbers:
#1: by test pound strength (8lb etc)
#2: by the diameter as compared to a mono filament fishing line (3lb Test Diameter etc)
#3: the diameter in millimeters (0.18 etc)

So for example: 8lb test strength with 3lb test diameter means that it has the same diameter as a 3lb test mono filament fishing line while still being more than twice as strong and is 0.18mm thick.

Prices range from $5-$15 for 50yd spools up to $30 for 300yd spools, but it is always cheaper from a sporting goods store than a bead store.

Power Pro: this is a plied GSP fishing line. Polyethylene fibers are spun to create several threads which are braided or plied and then fused/bonded together. This is similar to Fireline but you will notice the separate plies when you cut the thread...this makes it harder to thread than Fireline but might make it stronger or more abrasion resistant. Colors, sizes and prices are similar to Fireline.

Wildfire and Dandyline: these are Beadalon's versions of Fireline and Power Pro respectively. They are thermally bonded threads made with 'Spectra'(TM), which I assume is similar to, or the same thing as, GSP, which is Trademarked 'Dyneema'.

Dandyline is a Braided and Fused thread and the Wildfire has a smooth, thermally bonded coating. Both threads are waterproof and will not stretch.

I have not tried Dandyline but I have tried the Wildfire and honestly I didn't love it. The coating on this thread was easily pierced by my needle...something that Beadalon says is impossible! The outer coating started to strip away from the inner core which then began to fray, causing some serious problems as it happened in the middle of a project. The inner core of the black thread is white, and there's no hiding that white fraying thread in the middle of black or dark colored beads!

I can see how Wildfire could be useful as a warp thread or even a weft thread for would definitely create a different feel in the finished beadwork. And looming is much gentler on your thread than off loom stitches!

Alright...that was a lot of information! Now, onto what I like and don't like about these threads.

One G is my most favorite thread followed very closely by KO Thread. One G is a little thinner than KO, and they come in different they both have their uses in my work.

My most used color is One G's Sand Ash. This darker, neutral shade blends into the background of almost everything....especially all the Bronze colors that I love so much. I also really like the Light Grey by works great with Metallic Silver beads.

I always have a stash of black, brown, and grey threads and while I tend to keep some white thread (mainly Fireline) I rarely ever use it. Dark colors recede into the background while lighter colors are more prominent, so unless the thread is supposed to be part of the visual element of a particular piece, I find it's always better to use a darker or more neutral color than white.

Both One G and KO threads offer just enough stretch to maintain excellent tension while creating that soft, silky, fabric feel. I have found that all beadwork will 'settle' a little, once it's given the chance to 'relax', but this is completely different from thread that will continue to stretch out over time. One G and KO Threads will not stretch out over time like I have seen with Nymo.

They are also very strong threads and can be used to create structural beadwork as well as soft fringe. I have even used One G with crystals, obviously being careful, but I have yet to experience any thread breakage from the crystals.

Now they are both Nylon threads, which has it's inherent weaknesses...and even though they are both pre conditoned/pre waxed, these coatings will eventually break down as you pull the thread through the beads a million times. I have noticed that if I continue using these threads once I have worn down the coating, they will quickly fray or break. But it takes a lot of abuse to get to that point!

So, I always work with a comfortable length of thread (about 2 yards) and I start a new thread at the very first sign of thread damage. Working with manageable lengths of thread really does help to keep the strength and integrity of the thread intact, which ultimately means longer lasting beadwork.

So I have long since destashed every Nymo bobbin that was still hiding out in my thread box...I couldn't stitch one square inch of Peyote with Nymo before it would fray, tangle, break and basically just drive me crazy! And I tried it with beeswax, microcrystalline wax, thread heaven, stretching it, heat setting the wax...I tried everything and it just isn't worth it to me.

I do have several spools of Nymo D and B that I have kept around. I don't use it very often but it is much better than the Nymo thread that comes on the bobbins so I can't really justify throwing it out! I am sure I will use it for something...someday.

I also like Fireline....and I try to get it on sale at Cabela's. I don't use it nearly as often as I used to...I use One G and KO for almost everything these days. But Fireline still has it's uses for me, and I still have a lot of Fireline!

I really like to use Fireline on my loom. The fact that it does not stretch at all makes it perfect for warp threads...and the fact that it is almost impossible to pierce with a needle makes it perfect for pulling your warps.

Using Fireline for the warps creates a fluid feel to the loomed is soft and silky, but a little more firm and less floppy than using beading thread for the warps. And pulling those warp threads just makes everything so much more secure without the hassle of re weaving the warp threads!

And I still like to use Fireline for certain structural pieces or beadwork that requires really tight tension, especially if I am using a lot of Crystals or other potentially sharp edged beads. As much as I love One G, I still find situations where Fireline is a better choice.

So my thread box is full of One G, KO and Fireline...with a few spools of Nymo and one lonely little bobbin of Superlon. For now, these are my favorite threads...but some of my experiments with thread will be ongoing. I like to see what happens over the course of a year, or ten years.

It will be interesting to see how some of these newer threads hold up over the course of time. They have definitely proven to be much nicer to work with, and they have qualities that far surpass some of the old "tried and true" beading threads...and that alone would seem to suggest that they will hold up over the course of time. But of course only time will tell...


Amy S. said...

Awesome, awesome post Vimala! I just learned a LOT, and frankly I can't wait to go out and try One G. I've never even heard of it til now - so THANK YOU!

Tia Dalma said...

Amy thank you so much! I didn't even realize quite how long this post was until I posted thank you for reading it...Haha!

I can't say enough good things about One G thread...I really love it! It is so easy to work with and the results are wonderful too...I hope you get a chance to try it out.

Bello Modo carries it for a decent price, and they often have good sales or discount codes in their newsletter. Also available at Charlene's Beads, Kandra's Beads and I'm sure many others!

Unknown said...

Is superlon like C-lon? I like c-lon since the price is good but its better quality than nymo. I also love one g but I prefer grey. I use a lot of metallics and silvers. Great post!

Cat said...

Thank you! I just bought a beading loom for my daughter (but I think I'll need to buy my own, it looks so fun for making bracelets). Anyways, I have Fireline from my other beading projects, and I enjoy working with Fireline, so I will give it a try on the loom (Ricks Loom)

V.Stormborn said...

I really appreciate this post and all the time and thought you put into it. I'd like to know what you think of C-Lon thread and cord. I was a bit surprised to see them omitted from the list.

Thank you,

Unknown said...

Thank you so much for your insight on the different threads and there uses, I was wondering if you could do the same with the difference in seed beads and which are you favorites .....
Thank you

Unknown said...

I have bookmarked this post. What a useful pile of info! Thank you so much!

Unknown said...

Just found this fabulous article. Thank you for your comparisons and honesty. I've been so frustrated by tangled, fraying thread to make the intricate Diane Fitzgerald beaded beads. Now I know why...and what to change. Rita

Sharmin said...

I just found this post and it's exactly what I've been looking for. I'm just starting my journey with beading. I teach high school art, and a local bead store owner came to my classroom and taught my students Kumihimo beading. This year I've learned Chan Luu style, and using my looms is next on the list. I have some Fireline….looks like I may be raiding my son's tackle box!

P. Crosby said...

Can one-g and k.o. be used for bead crochet ropes? I am a total beginner, not having done anything yet but collect supplies (beads) but was frozen over what kind of thread to buy... can anyone help? I've had two very expensive necklaces fall apart after the stringing material broke and I don't want that to happen to my work!

Ann Marie Governale said...

thank you for such an informative review of the various threads.. newbies need this as do those of us unfamiliar with the other threads you use!

Bunnee61 said...

HI, I am new to beading and just picked up some Beadalon Supplemax. I prefer to use this as it doesn't require a needle. However, my work tends to curl on me. Is there something I can do to stop the curling?

Unknown said...

Thank you for explaining that so clearly. You've helped me enormously.
I'll keep it for future reference.

Unknown said...

Thank you so much for explaining the differences....I made pieces that were coming apart now I know why!!!!

Lasgarner said...

Hello, I am new to beading and I like to make wrap bracelets. I was wondering if you could tell me what the best thread would be for laddering. I use a lot of stone beads and I had a few stones cut the tread I was using. Please Help. Thanks. My email is

artramapi said...

Hi could tell me where to buy the yarn One G

Unknown said...

Thank you so much for your information. I have just started bead weaving, although I have been beadining for quite some time. What kind of thread to use has always been an issue. The beading threads I have tried with weaving have been driving me crazy so I went on the information hunt. I am on a fixed income so I have to be careful what I buy, hence the information hunt.It has taken hours and hours to find you! You are the first person to clearly and concisely explained the types, what they do, what they are good for ,colors to use etc.
I ordered my first fireline 6 lb clear line last night. Feeling pretty good about that right now. Will buy some of the others you mentioned when I can.
Thank you again for your help

Unknown said...

I have made a herring bone bracelet with super duos and Fireline. The bracelet has split apart crosswise twice. I used Fireline both time I made it and remade it. I thought I had done something wrong the first time. Now I know it wasn't me. If Fireline doesn't "cut" easily by beads, why is this happening? Do you have a theory? Anything would be helpful at this point. I'm befuddled. Vicki

Unknown said...

I have made a herring bone bracelet with super duos and Fireline. The bracelet has split apart crosswise twice. I used Fireline both time I made it and remade it. I thought I had done something wrong the first time. Now I know it wasn't me. If Fireline doesn't "cut" easily by beads, why is this happening? Do you have a theory? Anything would be helpful at this point. I'm befuddled. Vicki

Unknown said...

This article helped me a lot. Thank you!

Me said...

Hey so I make fringe earrings. Brick stitch and then the fringe part. What thread would you recommend for each of these parts?
Thanks your post was very helpful as I am a beginner.